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Concerns have been expressed globally about the decline in rates of physiological birth and rising intervention rates during labor and birth. The 'Labour Hopscotch' Framework, a visual depiction of steps required to remain active during labor was implemented in a large tertiary maternity hospital in Ireland. The aim of this study was to evaluate the steps of the Labour Hopscotch women found most useful, examine the use of non-pharmacological and pharmacological methods of pain relief used during labor and finally to investigate the labor and birth outcomes of women who used 'Labour Hopscotch' during labor. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted using a study specific questionnaire. A total of 809 women completed the questionnaire. The Labour Hopscotch Framework was positively evaluated. Mobilizing, the birthing ball, birthing stool, and water therapy were found to be the most useful steps. Primiparous women were more likely to use non-pharmacological methods of pain relief. Pharmacological methods used by women were entonox (67.5%), pethidine (8%) and epidural analgesia (38.5%). Primiparous women were more likely to have epidural analgesia than multiparous women (p<0.00001). Women that attended either private (p=0.004) or public-led obstetric (p=0.005) antenatal care were more likely to have epidural analgesia in labor. Women attending the community midwives were least likely to receive epidural analgesia during labor. The rates of spontaneous vaginal birth, assisted birth and cesarean section, were 77.1%, 14% and 8.7%, respectively. Our study findings contribute to the increasing national and international evidence that initiatives such as Labour Hopscotch can promote and advocate for women to be active and mobile during labor to support physiological birth. © 2022 Carroll L. et al.


Lorraine Carroll, Sinead Thompson, Barbara Coughlan, Teresa McCreery, Aisling Murphy, Jean Doherty, Lucille Sheehy, Martina Cronin, Mary Brosnan, Denise O'Brien. Labour Hopscotch': Women's evaluation of using the steps during labor. European journal of midwifery. 2022;6:59

PMID: 36132188

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