Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • carbohydrate (1)
  • direct (1)
  • dysglycemia (4)
  • exon (1)
  • GLUT2 (10)
  • glycogen liver (1)
  • homeostasis (2)
  • insulin (1)
  • mirnas (2)
  • patient (3)
  • phenotypes (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Fanconiāˆ’Bickel Syndrome (FBS) is a rare disorder of carbohydrate metabolism that is characterized by the accumulation of glycogen mainly in the liver. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner due to mutations in the SLC2A2 gene. SLC2A2 encodes for the glucose transporter GLUT2 and is expressed in tissues that are involved in glucose homeostasis. The molecular mechanisms of dysglycemia in FBS are still not clearly understood. In this study, we report two cases of FBS with classical phenotypes of FBS associated with dysglycemia. Genomic DNA was extracted and analyzed by whole-genome and Sanger sequencing, and patient PBMCs were used for molecular analysis. One patient had an exonic SLC2A2 mutation (c.1093C>T in exon 9, R365X), while the other patient had a novel intronic SLC2A2 mutation (c.613-7T>G). Surprisingly, the exonic mutation resulted in the overexpression of dysfunctional GLUT2, resulting in the dysregulated expression of other glucose transporters. The intronic mutation did not affect the coding sequence of GLUT2, its expression, or glucose transport activity. However, it was associated with the expression of miRNAs correlated with type 1 diabetes mellitus, with a particular significant overexpression of hsa-miR-29a-3p implicated in insulin production and secretion. Our findings suggest that SLC2A2 mutations cause dysglycemia in FBS either by a direct effect on GLUT2 expression and/or activity or, indirectly, by the dysregulated expression of miRNAs implicated in glucose homeostasis.


    Sanaa Sharari, Basirudeen Kabeer, Idris Mohammed, Basma Haris, Igor Pavlovski, Iman Hawari, Ajaz Ahmad Bhat, Mohammed Toufiq, Sara Tomei, Rebecca Mathew, Najeeb Syed, Sabah Nisar, Selma Maacha, Jean-Charles Grivel, Damien Chaussabel, Johan Ericsson, Khalid Hussain. Understanding the Role of GLUT2 in Dysglycemia Associated with Fanconi-Bickel Syndrome. Biomedicines. 2022 Aug 29;10(9)

    PMID: 36140215

    View Full Text