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Fetal aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) is a relatively common sonographic finding. Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common structural abnormality in patients with ARSA. We aimed to assess the prevalence of genetic abnormalities, particularly sequence variants, in fetuses with CHD and ARSA. By clinical phenotyping and genomic sequencing, we retrospectively reviewed all fetuses with a prenatal diagnosis of CHD combined with ARSA at a single center. As a result, we identified 30 fetuses with ARSA combined with CHD, with conotruncal anomalies being the most common (n = 12, 40%), followed by left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (n = 6, 20%) and atrioventricular septal defects (n = 6, 20%). Overall, 18 (60%) cases had a genetic diagnosis. Copy number variation sequencing analysis identified six (20%) fetuses with aneuploidy and seven (23%) with pathogenic copy-number variants. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) analysis of the remaining 17 cases revealed diagnostic genetic variants in five (29%) cases, indicating that the diagnostic yield of WES for the entire cohort was 17% (5/30). Our findings reveal the high burden of genetic abnormalities in fetal CHD with ARSA. Single-gene disorders contribute substantially to the genetic etiology of fetal CHD with ARSA. © 2022. The Author(s).


Hairui Sun, Lu Han, Xiaoyan Hao, Zhaoyi Chen, Jingyi Wang, Tong Yi, Xiaoxue Zhou, Xiaoyan Gu, Jiancheng Han, Ye Zhang, Lin Sun, Xiaowei Liu, Siyao Zhang, Yong Guo, Hongjia Zhang, Yihua He. Genetic abnormalities in fetal congenital heart disease with aberrant right subclavian artery. Scientific reports. 2022 Sep 23;12(1):15899

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PMID: 36151134

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