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    Screening for blunt cardiac injury (BCI) includes obtaining a serum troponin level and an electrocardiogram for patients diagnosed with a sternal fracture. Our institution has transitioned to the use of a high sensitivity troponin I (hsTnI). The aim of this study was to determine whether hsTnI is comparable to troponin I (TnI) in identifying clinically significant BCI. Trauma patients presenting to a level I trauma center over a 24-mo period with the diagnosis of sternal fracture were screened for BCI. Any initial TnI more than 0.04 ng/mL or hsTnI more than 18 ng/L was considered positive for potential BCI. Clinically significant BCI was defined as a new-bundle branch block, ST wave change, echocardiogram change, or need for cardiac catheterization. Two hundred sixty five patients with a sternal fracture were identified, 161 underwent screening with TnI and 104 with hsTnI. For TnI, the sensitivity and specificity for detection of clinically significant BCI was 0.80 and 0.79, respectively. For hsTnI, the sensitivity and specificity for detection of clinically significant BCI was 0.71 and 0.69, respectively. A multivariate analysis demonstrated the odds ratio for significant BCI with a positive TnI was 14.4 (95% confidence interval, 3.9-55.8, P < 0.0001) versus an odds ratio of 5.48 (95% confidence interval 1.9-15.7, P = 0.002) in the hsTnI group. The sensitivity of hsTnI is comparable to TnI for detection of significant BCI. Additional investigation is needed to determine the necessity and interval for repeat testing and the need for additional diagnostic testing. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Jay N Nathwani, Matthew R Baucom, Ann Salvator, Amy T Makley, Betty J Tsuei, Christopher A Droege, Michael D Goodman, Vanessa Nomellini. Evaluating the Utility of High Sensitivity Troponin in Blunt Cardiac Injury. The Journal of surgical research. 2023 Jan;281:104-111

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    PMID: 36152398

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