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The mainstays of radiation therapy include external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) and internally implanted radiation, or brachytherapy (BT), all with distinct benefits and risks in terms of local or distant tumor control and normal brain toxicities, respectively. GammaTile® Surgically Targeted Radiation Therapy (STaRT) attempts to limit the drawbacks of other BT paradigms via a permanently implanted, bioresorbable, conformable, collagen tile containing four uniform intensity radiation sources, thus preventing deleterious direct contact with the brain and optimizing interseed spacing to homogenous radiation exposure. The safety and feasibility of GammaTile® STaRT therapy was established by multiple clinical trials encompassing the spectrum of primary and secondary brain neoplasms, both recurrent and newly-diagnosed. Implantable GT tiles were FDA approved in 2018 for use in recurrent intracranial neoplasms, expanded to newly-diagnosed malignant intracranial neoplasms by 2020. The current spectrum of trials focuses on better defining the relative efficacy and safety of non-GT standard-of-care radiation strategies for intracranial brain neoplasm. We summarize the key design and eligibility criteria for open and future trials of GT therapy, including registries and randomized trials for newly-diagnosed and recurrent brain metastases as well as recurrent and newly-diagnosed glioblastoma in combination with approved therapies. © The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Neuro-Oncology.


Yazmin Odia, Alonso N Gutierrez, Rupesh Kotecha. Surgically targeted radiation therapy (STaRT) trials for brain neoplasms: A comprehensive review. Neuro-oncology. 2022 Nov 02;24(Suppl 6):S16-S24

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PMID: 36322100

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