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    Smell impairment affects 60-80 per cent of individuals aged over 80 years. This review aimed to identify any association between vitamin D deficiency and smell impairment, and determine the efficacy of vitamin D to treat smell impairment. A literature search was conducted across four databases between the years 2000 and 2022. The literature screen was performed by two independent reviewers. Seven articles were included in this review. Four studies examined the association between vitamin D deficiency and smell impairment, with three studies identifying a significant relationship. Three studies investigated the use of vitamin D as treatment for smell impairment, which found complete resolution or significant symptom improvement after vitamin D deficiency was treated. This review identified limited studies on this topic. As vitamin D supplementation is relatively cost-efficient, further large-scale studies should be carried out to investigate the efficacy of vitamin D for treating anosmia.


    W W Ang, E T Goh, K Lai, I McKay-Davies. Vitamin D and smell impairment: a systematic literature review. The Journal of laryngology and otology. 2023 Sep;137(9):971-976

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    PMID: 36341550

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