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    Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been associated with auditory dysfunction both to the cochlear and higher auditory pathways. However, available literatures presented conflicting results. We aimed to study the impact of OSA severity and their polysomnography parameters on hearing function. A total of 44 patients were included after evaluation for sleep disorders and were divided into four groups in accordance with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). Pure tone audiometry (PTA), distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) and auditory brainstem response (ABR) were compared in commensurate with the severity of AHI. Polysomnography oximetry parameters of oxygen desaturation index, mean SPO2, minimum SPO2 and percent SPO2 < 90% were correlated with their respective PTA, DPOAE and ABR results. There was no significant change in the PTA, DPOAE and ABR results in connection with AHI severity. However, we found significant correlations between mean SPO2 and percent SPO2 < 90% with ABR wave I, III and V absolute latencies. Minimum SPO2 was also significantly correlated with wave III peak latency changes. Mean SPO2, percent SPO2 < 90% and minimum SPO2 could be key prognostic indicators of central auditory dysfunction in OSA patients. These parameters should be explored further as indicators of OSA severity rather than utilizing AHI alone. The hypoxic burden derived could be a better predictor of auditory function abnormalities rather than one derived from AHI. © 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


    Chee Chean Lim, Tengku Ezulia Binti Tengku Nun Ahmad, Halimuddin Bin Sawali, Ahmad Nordin Bin Afandi, Vinota Paniselvam, Merlinda W Bernard, Prepageran Narayanan, Mohd Zukiflee Bin Abu Bakar. Evaluation of auditory system in obstructive sleep apnea patients. European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. 2023 May;280(5):2201-2207

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    PMID: 36350365

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