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    The aim is to investigate, by means of speckle tracking echocardiography, left ventricular (LV) contractile function at rest and during dipyridamole stress in patients with coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD). 59 patients (39% women, mean age 65.6 ± 6.1 years) with history of chest pain and without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) underwent dipyridamole stress echocardiography. Coronary flow was assessed in the left anterior descending coronary artery. Coronary flow reserve (CFR) was determined as the ratio of hyperaemic to baseline diastolic coronary flow velocity. CMD was defined as CFR < 2. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) was measured at rest and at peak dose. Nineteen patients (32%) among the overall population showed CMD. Baseline GLS was significantly lower in patients with CMD (- 16.8 ± 2.7 vs. - 19.1 ± 3.1, p < 0.01). A different contractile response to dipyridamole infusion was observed between the two groups: GLS significantly increased up to peak dose in patients without CMD (from - 19.1 ± 3.1 to - 20.2 ± 3.1, p < 0.01), and significantly decreased in patients with CMD (from - 16.8 ± 2.7 to - 15.8 ± 2.7, p < 0.01). There was a significant inverse correlation between CFR and ∆GLS (r = - 0.82, p < 0.01). Rest GLS and GLS response to dipyridamole stress are markedly impaired among patients with chest pain syndrome, non-obstructive CAD and CMD, reflecting subclinical LV systolic dysfunction and lack of LV contractile reserve due to underlying myocardial ischemia. © 2022. Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature.


    Ercole Tagliamonte, Simona Sperlongano, Caterina Montuori, Lucia Riegler, Raffaella Scarafile, Andreina Carbone, Alberto Forni, Juri Radmilovic, Alessandro Di Vilio, Roberta Astarita, Gennaro Cice, Antonello D'Andrea. Coronary microvascular dysfunction affects left ventricular global longitudinal strain response to dipyridamole stress echocardiography: a pilot study. Heart and vessels. 2023 Apr;38(4):470-477

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    PMID: 36380229

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