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    Background and aim: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a serious and even fatal disorder with limited treatment strategies. The hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (HPH) rat model is commonly used in this field. While the HPH rat model has strong predictability and repeatability, the model is a chronic model, making it time-consuming, costly, and complicated and limiting the progress of the experiments. Currently, there is no uniform international standard for the HPH model. Our study aimed to find a relatively effective and efficient HPH modeling protocol. Methods: We established HPH rat models with different total hypoxia periods and different daily hypoxia times, and assessed different hypoxia modeling modes in multiple dimensions, such as haemodynamics, right ventricular (RV) hypertrophy, pulmonary arterial remodeling, muscularization, inflammation, and collagen deposition. Results: Longer daily hypoxia time resulted in higher mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP)/right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) and more obvious RV hypertrophy, as well as more severe pulmonary arterial remodeling and muscularization, regardless of the total period of hypoxia (3- or 4-week). Moreover, pulmonary perivascular macrophages and collagen deposition showed daily hypoxia time-dependent increases, both in 3- and 4-week hypoxia groups. Conclusion: Our findings showed that the 3-week continuous hypoxia mode was a relatively efficient way to reduce the time needed to induce significant disease phenotypes, which offered methodological evidence for future studies in building HPH models.


    Gexiang Cai, Yaxin Zhang, Xinghong Wang, Shini Li, Yushan Cheng, Xiaoying Huang. Comparison of hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension rat models caused by different hypoxia protocols. Experimental lung research. 2023;49(1):1-11

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    PMID: 36420840

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