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Liver fibrosis is one of the major liver complications which eventually progresses to liver cirrhosis and liver failure. Cerium oxide nanoparticles, also known as nanoceria (NC) are nanoparticles with potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Herein, we evaluated the hepatoprotective and anti-fibrotic effects of nanoceria (NC) against bile duct ligation (BDL) induced liver injury. NC were administered i.p. for 12 days (0.5 and 2 mg/kg) to C57BL/6J mice. The biochemical markers of liver injury, oxidative and nitrosative stress markers, inflammatory cytokines were evaluated. Fibrosis assessment and mechanistic studies were conducted to assess the hepatoprotective effects of NC. Administration of NC proved to significantly ameliorate liver injury as evident by reduction in SGOT, SGPT, ALP and bilirubin levels in the treated animals. NC treatment significantly reduced the hydroxyproline levels and expression of fibrotic markers. In summary, our findings establish the hepatoprotective and anti-fibrotic effects of NC against BDL induced liver injury and liver fibrosis. These protective effects were majorly ascribed to their potential ROS inhibition and antioxidant activities through catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD)-mimetic properties and auto-regenerating capabilities. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.


Chandraiah Godugu, Amit Khurana, Mohd Aslam Saifi. Rare earth cerium oxide nanoparticles attenuated liver fibrosis in bile duct ligation mice model. Journal of trace elements in medicine and biology : organ of the Society for Minerals and Trace Elements (GMS). 2023 Jan;75:127102

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PMID: 36423438

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