Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Loss-of-function mutations of FIG4 impair the biosynthesis of PI(3,5)P2 and are responsible for rare genetic disorders including Yunis-Varón Syndrome and Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease Type 4 J. Cultured cells deficient in FIG4 accumulate enlarged lysosomes with hyperacidic pH, due in part to impaired regulation of lysosomal ion channels and elevated intra-lysosomal osmotic pressure. We evaluated the effects of the FDA approved drug chloroquine, which is known to reduce lysosome acidity, on FIG4 deficient cell culture and on a mouse model. Chloroquine corrected the enlarged lysosomes in FIG4 null cells. In null mice, addition of chloroquine to the drinking water slowed progression of the disorder. Growth and mobility were dramatically improved during the first month of life, and spongiform degeneration of the nervous system was reduced. The median survival of Fig4 null mice was increased from 4 weeks for untreated mutants to 8 weeks with chloroquine treatment (p < 0.009). Chloroquine thus corrects the lysosomal swelling in cultured cells and ameliorates Fig4 deficiency in vivo. The improved phenotype of mice with complete loss of Fig4 suggests that chloroquine could be beneficial FIG2 in partial loss-of-function disorders such as Charcot-Marie-Tooth Type 4 J. Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Guy M Lenk, Miriam H Meisler. Chloroquine corrects enlarged lysosomes in FIG4 null cells and reduces neurodegeneration in Fig4 null mice. Molecular genetics and metabolism. 2022 Dec;137(4):382-387

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 36434903

View Full Text