Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • adult (1)
  • arctic region (5)
  • blood (2)
  • female (1)
  • homeostasis (2)
  • humans (1)
  • insulin (1)
  • mass (8)
  • russia (3)
  • serum (1)
  • stearic acids (1)
  • women (7)
  • young adult (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Age is associated with a number of health risks linked to obesity caused by an imbalance in the main energy substrates-fatty acids (FA) and glucose (Glu). Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify age-related features of the metabolism of fatty acids and Glu, their correlations and the relation with the body mass index (BMI) in women of the local Caucasoid population from two northern regions of Russia with different nature, climate, and geography. We examined women aged 21-60 years born and permanently residing in the Subarctic region (SR) and the Arctic region (AR). The participants were divided into three age groups: 21-35, 36-45, and 46-60 years. The levels of FAs, Glu, and triglycerides (TG) in the blood serum were determined by spectrophotometric and gas chromatographic methods; the values of BMI and TyG (triglyceride glucose) index were calculated. To analyze data, we used the descriptive and correlation analyses by nonparametric methods, as well as multiple linear regression analysis. With age, the surveyed women demonstrated elevated levels of triglyceride, the majority of the studied fatty acids, BMI and TyG index. For three fatty acids, age-related changes were noted in one of the regions only: stearic and linoleic acids in the SR, and docosahexaenoic acid in the AR; no significant changes were observed for dihomo-γ-linolenic and arachidonic acids. We found elevated Glu levels in women aged 46-60 years residing in the SR. Regional differences were due to higher concentrations of FAs and Glu in the AR. All identified correlations were positive. BMI values were associated with FAs and TG, and in women aged 46-60 years, they were additionally associated with Glu. The latter also correlated with some FAs and TG in this group. TyG index associations with saturated FAs (SFAs) became stronger with age. Age has a significant impact on the homeostasis of key energy substrates (Glu, TG, SFAs, monounsaturated FAs), on BMI and TyG index, which are indicators of obesity and insulin resistance. Depending on the region of residence (Subarctic or Arctic), we found changes in the FA profile undersaturation (especially long-chain polyunsaturated FAs) and some specific features of Glu homeostasis (for the age groups of 21-35 and 46-60 years) in women of Caucasoid race in the Russian North. Multiple regression analysis showed that BMI, as well as the region of residence and age, are significant predictors for almost all biochemical parameters, especially for TG and TyG index. © 2022 Wiley Periodicals LLC.


    Olga S Vlasova, Fatima A Bichkaeva, Ekaterina V Nesterova, Boris A Shengof, Artem A Bichkaev, Nina F Baranova. Age-related features of the content of substrates of energy metabolism and body mass index in women residing in the Subarctic and Arctic regions of Russia. American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council. 2023 Apr;35(4):e23841

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 36436838

    View Full Text