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    The ligand field greatly affects the redox properties of cerium. Herein, cerium(III) and cerium(IV) complexes supported by imidazolin-2-iminato ligands were synthesized and structurally characterized, and their electrochemical properties were investigated. Silylamine elimination of cerium(III) amide Ce{N(SiMe3 )2 }3 with imidazolin-2-imine ImR NH (R=Mes, tBu, iPr) provided imidazolin-2-iminato cerium(III) complexes, [(ImMes N)(ImMes NH)Ce{N(SiMe3 )2 }2 ] (1), [(ImtBu N)2 (ImtBu NH)Ce{N(SiMe3 )2 }] (2) and [(ImiPr N)2 (ImiPr NH)Ce(μ-ImiPr N)]2 (4) in 71-85% yields. These cerium(III) complexes were successfully oxidized by Ph3 CCl or C2 Cl6 to afford imidazolin-2-iminato cerium(IV) chlorides, [(ImMes N)2 Ce{N(SiMe3 )2 }Cl] (5), [(ImtBu N)3 CeCl] (6) and [(ImiPr N)2 Ce(μ-ImiPr N)Cl]2 (7) in 70%-76% yields. All complexes were characterized by the single-crystal X-ray diffraction, which showed that 1, 2, 5 and 6 are monomers while 4 and 7 are dimers. The electrochemical studies indicated that the Ce(III/IV) couples for 5 and 6 are more negative than those of silylamido cerium(IV) complexes, and the Ce(III/IV) couples for 1 and 2 have a similar trend. © 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH.


    Ning Wang, Bin Feng, Peng Cui, Matthias Tamm, Yaofeng Chen. Imidazolin-2-iminato Cerium(IV) Chlorides: Synthesis, Structure and Electrochemical Properties. Chemistry, an Asian journal. 2023 Jan 17;18(2):e202201135

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    PMID: 36445801

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