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ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are widely used engineered nanomaterials. Due to induced genotoxicity, increased oxidative stress, and teratogenicity, these NPs have been reported to be toxic. In the present study, we emphasise the role of vital proteins in regulating ZnO NP-induced abnormal phenotypes, particularly the deformed thorax and single wing in the Drosophila melanogaster progeny fed on 0.1-10 mM ZnO NPs. To understand how protein expression regulates this particular phenotype on ZnO NPs exposure, toxicoproteomics profile of control and abnormal phenotype flies was generated using LC/MS/MS. Gene ontology enrichment studies of proteomics data were carried out using CLUEGO and STRAP software. The bioinformatics tool STRING was used to generate a protein-protein interaction map of key proteins of enrichment analysis. Following ZnO NP exposure, the differential expression of key proteins of the Wnt pathway was prominent. Altered expression of various proteins of the Wnt pathway (CaMKII), cytoskeleton (Actin), and calponin resulted in developmental defects in drosophila progeny. In addition, immunohistology studies showed a significant deviation in the expression of wingless protein of ZnO NPs treated larvae in comparison to control. According to these findings, the interaction of the wnt pathway and cytoskeletal proteins with ZnO NPs caused developmental abnormalities in the subsequent generation of drosophila, highlighting the transgenerational toxic effects of these nanoparticles. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Avnika Singh Anand, Kalyani Verma, Amitabh, Dipti N Prasad, Ekta Kohli. The interplay of calponin, wnt signaling, and cytoskeleton protein governs transgenerational phenotypic abnormalities in drosophila exposed to zinc oxide nanoparticles. Chemico-biological interactions. 2023 Jan 05;369:110284

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PMID: 36462549

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