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    One principal purpose of assisted reproductive technology (ART) is to produce viable and good quality embryos. However, a variety of environmental factors may induce epigenetic changes in the embryo. Moreover, laboratory conditions including the culture media may also affect embryo development. Therefore, media change is an important factor in maintaining proper oxidant/antioxidant balance during embryo culture. Alterations in the oxidant/antioxidant balance are related to various cellular responses such as an increase in the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and consequent lipid peroxidation (LPO), DNA damage, and apoptosis. The current study focuses on the role of external factors on embryo culture and the ability of antioxidants to enhance in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes. Indeed, an optimization of media culture by the addition of enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants in animal models and human embryos in ART has been updated in this study, with an emphasis on comparing the available results and their possible reasons. © 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


    Liliana Berenice Ramírez-Domínguez, Ashok Agarwal, Shubhadeep Roychoudhury, Israel Jiménez-Medina, Samantha Moreno-Fernández, Mariana Izquierdo-Martínez, Kavindra Kesari, Alfonso Flores-Leal, Lina Villar-Muñoz, Israel Maldonado-Rosas. Interplay of Oxidants and Antioxidants in Mammalian Embryo Culture System. Advances in experimental medicine and biology. 2022;1391:243-258

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    PMID: 36472826

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