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    The objective of our study was to assess the ability of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in evaluating renal microperfusion in an animal model. Twenty Sprague-Dawley rats were subdivided into two groups: the normal and chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) groups. In the CIH model, 10 Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to CIH for 8 weeks to mimic obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The CEUS parameters of the renal cortex and medulla were obtained and compared between groups. The pathological changes of the kidney tissues were examined by histological staining such as hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and Masson's trichrome. CIH caused morphological damage to kidneys. In the cortex, the peak intensity (PI) (P = .009) was significantly lower and time to peak (Ttop) (P = .019) was significantly prolonged in the CIH group compared with the controls. The area under ascending curve (WiAUC) in the medulla and cortex were both significantly lower in the CIH group than those in the control group (P both <.05). CEUS parameters (including PI and WiAUC of the cortex and WiAUC of the medulla) were negatively correlated with serum creatinine (P all <.05). In the medulla, the area under descending curve (WoAUC) was positively correlated with serum creatinine (P = .027), PI was negatively correlated with uric acid (P = .034). CEUS parameters (including Ttop, PI, WoAUC, and WiAUC) reflect renal microvascular changes in CIH. CEUS could be a safe and accurate imaging method to assess renal microvascular damage in CIH rats. © 2022 American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.


    Haimei Lun, Ruochuan Liu, Qiao Hu, Yaoli Liu, Lisi Wei, Xia Liu, Dan Wu, Shangyong Zhu. Contrast Enhanced Ultrasonography of Kidney in Chronic Intermittent Hypoxia Rat Model. Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. 2023 Jun;42(6):1319-1325

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    PMID: 36478449

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