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White adipose tissue (WAT) plays a role in storing energy, while brown adipose tissue (BAT) is instrumental in the re-distribution of stored energy when dietary sources are unavailable. Interleukin-18 (IL18) is a cytokine playing a role in T-cell polarization, but also for regulating energy homeostasis via the dimeric IL18 receptor (IL18r) and Na-Cl co-transporter (NCC) on adipocytes. Here we show that IL18 signaling in metabolism is regulated at the level of receptor utilization, with preferential role for NCC in brown adipose tissue (BAT) and dominantly via IL18r in WAT. In Il18r-/-Ncc-/- mice, high-fat diet (HFD) causes more prominent body weight gain and insulin resistance than in wild-type mice. The WAT insulin resistance phenotype of the double-knockout mice is recapitulated in HFD-fed Il18r-/- mice, whereas decreased thermogenesis in BAT upon HFD is dependent on NCC deletion. BAT-selective depletion of either NCC or IL18 reduces thermogenesis and increases BAT and WAT inflammation. IL18r deletion in WAT reduces insulin signaling and increases WAT inflammation. In summary, our study contributes to the mechanistic understanding of IL18 regulation of energy metabolism and shows clearly discernible roles for its two receptors in brown and white adipose tissues. © 2022. The Author(s).


Xian Zhang, Songyuan Luo, Minjie Wang, Qiongqiong Cao, Zhixin Zhang, Qin Huang, Jie Li, Zhiyong Deng, Tianxiao Liu, Cong-Lin Liu, Mathilde Meppen, Amelie Vromman, Richard A Flavell, Gökhan S Hotamışlıgil, Jian Liu, Peter Libby, Zhangsuo Liu, Guo-Ping Shi. Differential IL18 signaling via IL18 receptor and Na-Cl co-transporter discriminating thermogenesis and glucose metabolism regulation. Nature communications. 2022 Dec 08;13(1):7582

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PMID: 36482059

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