Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • bind proteins (1)
  • cellular (1)
  • g protein (7)
  • GAP (1)
  • GPCRs (4)
  • GTP (3)
  • humans (1)
  • hydrolysis (1)
  • insulin (7)
  • proteins bind (1)
  • Proteins G (2)
  • receptors (2)
  • research (1)
  • rgs proteins (4)
  • signal (2)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex and heterogeneous disease that primarily results from impaired insulin secretion or insulin resistance (IR). G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are proposed as therapeutic targets for T2DM. GPCRs transduce signals via the Gα protein, playing an integral role in insulin secretion and IR. The regulators of G protein signaling (RGS) family proteins can bind to Gα proteins and function as GTPase-activating proteins (GAP) to accelerate GTP hydrolysis, thereby terminating Gα protein signaling. Thus, RGS proteins determine the size and duration of cellular responses to GPCR stimulation. RGSs are becoming popular targeting sites for modulating the signaling of GPCRs and related diseases. The R4 subfamily is the largest RGS family. This review will summarize the research progress on the mechanisms of R4 RGS subfamily proteins in insulin secretion and insulin resistance and analyze their potential value in the treatment of T2DM.


    Xiaohong Zhang, Hongyan Lv, Juan Mei, Bingyuan Ji, Shuhong Huang, Xuezhi Li. The Potential Role of R4 Regulators of G Protein Signaling (RGS) Proteins in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Cells. 2022 Dec 02;11(23)

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 36497154

    View Full Text