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SIGIRR (single immunoglobulin IL-1 related receptor), PKP3 (plakophilin 3), and TMEM16J (anoctamin 9), a putative calcium-activated ion channel and phospholipid scramblase, control the immune response and the extent of inflammation. Variants of SIGIRR/PKP3/TMEM16J lead to severe inflammatory diseases such as pneumonia, enterocolitis, and kidney graft rejection. Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identified TMEM16J-T604A as a promotor for chronic kidney disease (CKD), but the disease mechanism and function of TMEM16J remain unknown. Here, we demonstrate TMEM16J as a calcium-activated calcium-permeable channel, which is expressed in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). TMEM16J controls the intracellular distribution of calcium, and inhibits intracellular receptor-mediated Ca2+ signals and Ca2+ -dependent activation of ion channels, but augments transcription and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Renal epithelial cells expressing the variant TMEM16J-T604A show enhanced calcium signals when compared to cells expressing wt-TMEM16J, and demonstrate spontaneous transcription and release of cytokines. This study identifies TMEM16J as an important regulator of intracellular Ca2+ signals, ion channel activity, and cytokine release. TMEM16J may therefore affect immune response in renal tissue and immune cells. © 2022 The Authors. The FASEB Journal published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.


Rainer Schreiber, Khaoula Talbi, Jiraporn Ousingsawat, Karl Kunzelmann. A TMEM16J variant leads to dysregulated cytosolic calcium which may lead to renal disease. FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 2023 Jan;37(1):e22683

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PMID: 36520003

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