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    Cattle breeding approaches are an evolving field of research in veterinary science. Certain factors such as Ejaculate Rejection Rate (ERR) pose a limitation to such approaches. In this regard, we sought to investigate the spermatozoa and seminal plasma proteome of Hallikar bulls with low (n = 3) and high (n = 3) ERR. Through the Tandem mass spectrometry approach, we identified a total of 2409 proteins, in which 828 proteins were common in both the semen components, whereas 375 and 378 proteins were unique to spermatozoa and seminal plasma respectively. Tandem mass tags (TMT) based protein quantification resulted in 75 spermatozoal, and 42 seminal plasma proteins being differentially regulated between high and low ERR bulls. Proteins such as SPADH2, TIMP-2, and PLA2G7 which are negative regulators of motility were upregulated in the seminal plasma of high ERR bulls. Proteins such as OAZ3, GPx4, and GSTM3 whose upregulation leads to reduced motility were upregulated in the spermatozoa of high ERR bulls. Caltrin and ADM proteins that enhance sperm motility were downregulated in the seminal plasma of high ERR bulls. The regulation of ACE, a negative regulator of sperm motility was upregulated in both the spermatozoa and seminal plasma of high ERR bulls. SIGNIFICANCE: The saying "Bull is more than half of the herd" signifies the importance of bull in the genetic improvement of the herd. Traditionally used semen quality tests will provide limited information about the potential fertility of bulls. The proteomics approach is a promising omics technology to understand the factors involved in male fertility. The present study identified the spermatozoal and seminal plasma proteins that are differentially regulated between high and low ERR bulls. Sperm motility-associated proteins are differentially regulated. This study if improved further, can be used to develop markers associated with semen quality which is useful for the selection of bulls. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    A Ashwitha, Kerekoppa P Ramesha, Poornima Ramesh, Chinmaya Narayana Kootimole, M Joel Devadasan, Shruthi Ammankallu, Sakthivel Jeyakumar, Arumugam Kumaresan, Vedamurthy Gowdar Veerappa, D N Das, Thottethodi Subrahmanya Keshava Prasad. Quantitative proteomics profiling of spermatozoa and seminal plasma reveals proteins associated with semen quality in Bos indicus bulls. Journal of proteomics. 2023 Feb 20;273:104794

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    PMID: 36535621

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