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Snakebites can be caused by harmless or venomous snakes and, according to their severity and frequency, can be considered events of medical importance. In health facilities in remote areas, nurses work in the first line of care of patients that are victims of these envenomations. The aim was to discover the perception of nurses regarding the management of snakebites, its limitations and possibilities, with a view to professional empowerment in the context of primary health care. This is exploratory and descriptive research, with a qualitative approach, developed at FMT-HVD in Manaus, Amazonas state, Brazil, in the year 2021. The participants were nurses who work in basic health units in the municipalities of Careiro da Várzea, Ipixuna and Boa Vista do Ramos in the state of Amazonas. For data collection, the focus group strategy was adopted. Thematic content analysis was employed, which was carried out in the stages of pre-analysis; exploration or coding of the material; treatment of the results, inference and interpretation. After processing the data obtained, four topics emerged from the coding: Topic 1 - limitations in the primary care. Topic 2 - the need for infrastructure and personnel. Topic 3 - the need for continuing education. Topic 4 - the perception of training regarding the management of snakebite envenomations. The results showed a lack of antivenom in the healthcare units where nurses work. Another aspect highlighted by the nurses is the absence of a doctor in situ to perform the primary care or out of hours care in the units. The nurses' perceptions regarding the management of snakebite envenomations revealed the existence of failures in relation to the subject, such as the lack of antivenom, poor infrastructure in the units and the lack of a doctor, which must be solved, since the nurses are the most active professionals in primary health care, in addition to the high incidence of snakebite envenomations in the Brazilian Amazon. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Gisele Dos Santos Rocha, Maria Francisca Souza Rodrigues, Yasmim Vieira Rocha, Huxlan Beckman de Lima, Flávia Regina Ramos, Elizabeth Teixeira, Wuelton Monteiro, Jacqueline de Almeida Gonçalves Sachett. Perceptions of nurses regarding the management of snakebite envenomations: Limits and possibilities. Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology. 2023 Feb;223:106995

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PMID: 36566992

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