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This study aimed to develop a reliable chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis (CIOM) rat model by intraperitoneally administering a single dosage of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) combined with a chemical stimulus. The 5-FU dosage for CIOM development was determined by the survival rate of rats administrated 160 mg/kg, 200 mg/kg, and 240 mg/kg of 5-FU. Thirty rats were assigned to normal control (NC) and three experimental groups: i) ulcer formation without 5-FU administration (PBS/U+), ii) 5-FU administration without ulcer formation (5-FU/U-), and iii) ulcer formation after 5-FU administration (5-FU/U+). White blood cell count and weight were measured at the day of 5-FU administration (D0), ulcer formation (D2), and two days after ulcer formation (D4). The oral mucosa for histologic evaluations was obtained two (D4) and five days (D7) after ulcer formation. The 5-FU dosage for CIOM development was 200 mg/kg. White blood cell count (WBC) counts and weight of rats were significantly lower in 5-FU/U- (WBC, p<0.001; weight, p=0.002) and 5-FU/U+ (WBC, p<0.001; weight, p<0.001) groups compared to those in the NC group at D4. The number of Ki-67 positive cells in the oral epithelium was lower in 5-FU/U+ group compared to that in NC (p<0.001) and PBS/U+ (p=0.047) groups at D7. Single administration of 200 mg/kg of 5-FU combined with a chemical stimulus can lead to an immune-suppressive status, failure of weight gain, and impairment of epithelium regeneration as observed in a CIOM rat model. Copyright © 2023, International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. George J. Delinasios), All rights reserved.


DO Hyung Kim, Jungeun Choi, Yun-Sung Lim, Hee Jin Huh, Chang Gun Cho, Bo Hae Kim. A Rat Model for Oral Mucositis Induced by a Single Administration of 5-Fluorouracil. In vivo (Athens, Greece). 2023 Jan-Feb;37(1):218-224

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PMID: 36593024

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