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    The demand of meat analogues (MAs) is consistently increasing. The protein materials for MAs are primarily soy, pea, and wheat protein which can not completely meet the growing demand. Hence, this study is focused on the preparation of MAs with up to 50 % yeast protein (YP) instead of pea protein isolate (PPI). In the present study, 0 %, 10 %, 30 %, and 50 % YP powder in dry matter basis were combined with PPI; then the mixtures were used to prepare MAs with fibrous structures using high-moisture extrusion (55 % moisture). The involvement of YP significantly enhanced the hardness of MAs (P < 0.05). The optical and microstructural images illustrated that when YP ratio reached 30 %, obvious fibrous structures still were observed in MAs. Furthermore, MAs containing YP became whiter, which is conducive to reprocessing. With an increase in YP, the bound water content, sheet structures, and exposure of tryptophan residues in MAs increased, whereas the free water content, β-turn, and random coil structures decreased. Analysis of thermal and rheological behaviors indicated that YP lowered the denaturation temperature of MAs and the viscosity of protein dispersions, which was related to the formation of protein aggregates. Overall, YP can be used to prepare MAs and regulate the fibrous structure in MAs by acting on protein conformations. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Songgang Xia, Shuo Shen, Chengxin Ma, Ku Li, Changhu Xue, Xiaoming Jiang, Yong Xue. High-moisture extrusion of yeast-pea protein: Effects of different formulations on the fibrous structure formation. Food research international (Ottawa, Ont.). 2023 Jan;163:112132

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    PMID: 36596093

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