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The precise regulation of interactions of specific immunological components is crucial for controllable immunomodulation, yet it remains a great challenge. With the assistance of advanced computer design, programmable nucleic acid nanotechnology enables the customization of synthetic nucleic acid nanodevices with unprecedented geometrical and functional precision, which have shown promising potential for precise immunoengineering. Notably, the inherently immunologic functions of nucleic acids endow these nucleic acid-based assemblies with innate advantages in immunomodulatory engagement. In this review, the roles of nucleic acids in innate immunity are discussed, focusing on the definition, immunologic modularity, and enhanced bioavailability of structural nucleic acid nanodevices. In light of this, molecular programming and precise organization of functional modules with nucleic acid nanodevices for immunomodulation are emphatically reviewed. At last, the present challenges and future perspectives of nucleic acid nanodevices for immunomodulation are discussed. © 2023 Wiley-VCH GmbH.


Fei Ding, Shuangye Zhang, Qian Chen, Hao Feng, Zhilei Ge, Xiaolei Zuo, Chunhai Fan, Qian Li, Qiang Xia. Immunomodulation with Nucleic Acid Nanodevices. Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany). 2023 Apr;19(14):e2206228

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PMID: 36599642

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