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    Purpose: HLA-B*38:02 is closely related to carbimazole/methimazole-induced agranulocytosis. This study aimed to develop and validate a rapid and economical method for HLA-B*38:02 genotyping. Methods: A single-tube multiplex real-time PCR detection system comprising amplification refractory mutation system primers and TaqMan probes was established for HLA-B*38:02 genotyping. Sequence-based typing was applied to validate the accuracy of the assay. Results: The accuracy of the assay was 100% for HLA-B*38:02 genotyping. The detection limit of the new method was 0.05 ng DNA. The positive rate of HLA-B*38:02 in the Han (8%, n = 100), Bouyei (17.8%, n = 90) and Tibetan (12.7%, n = 110) populations was significantly higher than that in the Uighur population (1%, n = 100) (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The proposed method is rapid and reliable for HLA-B*38:02 screening in a clinical setting.


    Fei Wang, Wenqi Li, Xuan Wang, Xiang Luo, Penggao Dai. A single-tube multiplex real-time PCR for HLA-B*38:02 genotype by detecting highly specific SNPs. Pharmacogenomics. 2023 Jan;24(1):5-14

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    PMID: 36661044

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