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    Severe levels of acidosis (pH < 6.8) have been shown to cause a sustained rise in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration in carotid body Type 1 (glomus) cells. To understand how physiologically relevant levels of acidosis regulate Ca2+ signaling in glomus cells, we studied the effects of small changes in extracellular pH (pHo) on the kinetics of Ca2+ oscillations. A decrease in pHo from 7.4 to 7.3 (designated mild) and 7.2 (designated moderate) acidosis produced significant increases in the frequency and amplitude of Ca2+ oscillations. These effects of acidosis on Ca2+ oscillations were not blocked by NS383 and amiloride [acid-sensing ion channel (ASIC) inhibitors]. Mild and moderate levels of acidosis, however, caused a small but significant inhibition of two-pore domain acid-sensing K+ channels (TASK) (TASK-1- and TASK-3-like channels) and depolarized the cell by 6-13 mV. Acidosis-induced increase in Ca2+ oscillations was inhibited by nifedipine (1 µM; L-type Cav inhibitor) and by TTA-P2 (20 µM; T-type Cav inhibitor). Mild inhibition of TASK activity by N-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)methyl]-2'-[[[2-(4methoxyphenyl)acetyl]amino]methyl][1,1'-biphenyl]-2-carboxamide (A1899) (0.3 µM) and 1-[1-[6-[[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-ylcarbonyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydropyrido[4,3-d]pyrimidine-4-yl]-4-piperidinyl]-1-butanon (PK-THPP) (0.1 µM) increased Ca2+ oscillation frequency to levels similar to those observed with mild-moderate acidosis. Mild acidosis (pHo 7.3) and mild hypoxia (∼5%O2) produced similar levels of changes in the kinetics of Ca2+ oscillations. Block of tetraethylammonium (TEA)-sensitive Kv channels did not affect acid-induced increase in Ca2+ oscillations. Our study shows that mild and moderate levels of acidosis increase the frequency and amplitude of Ca2+ oscillations primarily by inhibition of TASK without involving ASICs, and suggests a major role of TASK for signal transduction in response to a physiological change in pHo.


    Donghee Kim, James O Hogan, Carl White. TASK inhibition by mild acidosis increases Ca2+ oscillations to mediate pH sensing in rat carotid body chemoreceptor cells. American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology. 2023 Mar 01;324(3):L259-L270

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    PMID: 36692168

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