Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

It is estimated that 30-40% of patients with apparently sporadic pheochromocytomas (PHEOs) have an inherited predisposition syndrome. The aim of our study was to develop a predictive model of hereditary PHEO based on the clinical, hormonal, and radiological features present at the diagnosis of patients with PHEOs. A retrospective multicenter cohort study of patients with PHEOs with available genetic study from 18 tertiary hospitals. Clinical, biochemical, and radiological features were used to build a multivariate logistic regression model. The estimation of all possible equations was used to select the model with the best diagnostic accuracy (lower Akaike index). A total of 245 patients were included: 169 (69.0%) patients with sporadic PHEOs and 76 (31%) with hereditary PHEOs. The parsimonious predictive model with the highest diagnostic accuracy for the prediction of hereditary PHEO combined the variables age, non-cardiovascular disease, urinary norepinephrine levels, and tumor size. The area under the ROC curve of this model was 0.800 (0.705-0.887). Based on the predictive model, the probability of hereditary PHEO in patients older than 60 years with cardiovascular disease, high levels of urinary norepinephrine and unilateral PHEOs >60 mm was <2%. And if the age was above 80 years, lower than 1%. The probability of sporadic PHEO linearly increased with age (MH Test for linear Trend: χ2 (1) = 30.05; p < 0.001). In certain populations such as old patients with cardiovascular disease, with high levels of urinary norepinephrine and large tumors in which the probability of hereditary PHEO is very low, genetic testing could be avoided in the absence of specific suspicion. © 2023 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Marta Araujo-Castro, César Mínguez Ojeda, Iñigo García Sanz, Maria Calatayud, Felicia Hanzu, Mireia Mora, Almudena Vicente, Concepción Blanco Carrera, Paz de Miguel Novoa, María Del Carmen López García, Cristina Lamas, Laura Manjón-Miguélez, María Del Castillo Tous, Pablo Rodríguez de Vera, Rebeca Barahona San Millán, Mónica Recasens, Mariana Tomé Fernández-Ladreda, Nuria Valdés, Paola Gracia Gimeno, Cristina Robles Lazaro, Theodora Michalopoulou, Paola Parra Ramírez, Mónica Marazuela, Cristina Álvarez Escolá, Rogelio García Centeno. Genetic Study in Pheochromocytoma: Is It Possible to Stratify the Risk of Hereditary Pheochromocytoma? Neuroendocrinology. 2023;113(6):657-666

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 36693324

View Full Text