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Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a life-threatening complication in sepsis and other critical conditions. The International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) released the diagnostic criteria for overt DIC in 2001. Since then, ISTH overt DIC has been used as the global standard criterion for a decompensated stage of DIC. Because detecting an earlier stage of DIC would be useful for therapeutic considerations, the scientific standardization committees of the ISTH introduced the sepsis-induced coagulopathy (SIC) scoring system in 2019. The SIC scoring system is specifically designed to detect the compensated phase of DIC in sepsis, which can lead to overt DIC with disease progression. Studies examining the performance of the SIC scoring system have reported its usefulness over the past 5 years. The reported incidence of SIC was approximately 60% in patients with sepsis, which was twice as much as that of overt DIC. Almost all patients with overt DIC were diagnosed with SIC earlier. The reported mortality of SIC was ≥30% and, thus, can be used for patient selection for anticoagulant therapy. Despite the limited data, some continue to suggest the potential efficacy of anticoagulant therapy in patients with SIC. Although heparin, antithrombin, and thrombomodulin are the candidates for anticoagulation, none of them have proven to be effective with robust evidence, and future trials are warranted. Copyright © 2022 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Toshiaki Iba, Marcel Levi, Jecko Thachil, Julie Helms, Ecaterina Scarlatescu, Jerrold H Levy. Communication from the Scientific and Standardization Committee of the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis on sepsis-induced coagulopathy in the management of sepsis. Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis : JTH. 2023 Jan;21(1):145-153

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PMID: 36695377

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