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    There is increasing interest in the diversity and phylogeography of aquatic invertebrate zooplankton in the Eastern Palearctic, yet this topic remains largely unexplored in China. Here, we investigated the lineage diversity and phylogeography of an important cladoceran taxon, the Scapholeberis kingii (Cladocera: Daphniidae) species complex, members of which live in the surface layers of freshwater ecosystems. We identified only the S. smirnovi morphospecies from this species complex in 29 of 491 Chinese water bodies examined. Its phylogenetic position was verified using both a mitochondrial (mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I; COI) and a nuclear marker (the nuclear large subunit ribosomal RNA</a> gene; 28S). Pronounced geographical separation among three S. smirnovi mitochondrial lineages was observed in China: only a single lineage (Lineage A) was present in the Eastern Plain, whereas Lineages B and C were restricted to the Inner Mongolia-Xinjiang Plateau and the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau respectively. This deep mtDNA divergence and the substantial genetic differentiation among S. smirnovi populations from different regions is likely a result of the rapid uplift of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and associated ecological changes. This study contributes to an understanding of the genetic diversity of the S. kingii complex, a key component of neustonic zooplankton. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Lugege Wang, Zhixiong Deng, David Blair, Wei Hu, Mingbo Yin. Phylogeography and genetic diversity of the Scapholeberis kingii species complex (Cladocera: Daphniidae) in China. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution. 2023 Apr;181:107725

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    PMID: 36736845

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