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    Since 2014, methods have been described to hatch chick embryos from shell-less culture after egg contents are first incubated within shells for 55-70 h. The present report describes for the first time a shell-less culture system for chick embryos from the blastoderm stage to hatching. For the first 69-70 h, egg contents suspended in polymethylpentene kitchen wrap (F.O.R. Wrap, Riken Fabro, Tokyo, Japan) supported in 6.35 or 6.67 cm inside diameter tripods and covered with a disc of immobilized Milli-Wrap, were rotated back and forth through 90° at 16 or 22 cycles per minute (CPM). Subsequently, the Milli-Wrap disc was removed and culture tripods were transferred to environmental chambers, which were rocked ±20° through incubation day 8.5 (E8.5). From E9, environmental chambers were maintained in the horizontal position through to hatching with controlled O2 and CO2 . To provide supplemental calcium, an aqueous solution containing 100 mg/mL of calcium l-lactate hydrate was injected through the plastic wrap into the albumen at E9 (2.5 mL) and at E13 (1.0 mL) or E15 (1.0 mL). After incubation for 69-70 h at 16 or 22 CPM, 80%-83% of previously unincubated egg contents yielded apparently normal embryos. Hatch rate of normal embryos resulting from turntable incubation at 16 or 22 CPM was approximately 43%. Of note, egg contents remained in the same culture tripod from blastoderm stage to hatching. This technique may find use as an educational tool and in basic investigations of early embryogenesis, teratogenesis, and gene transfer experiments. © 2023 The Authors. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological and Integrative Physiology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.


    Bruce E Dunn. Shell-less culture system for chick embryos from the blastoderm stage to hatching. Journal of experimental zoology. Part A, Ecological and integrative physiology. 2023 May;339(4):411-422

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    PMID: 36750894

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