Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Converging lines of evidence point to hippocampal dysfunction in psychosis spectrum disorders, including altered functional connectivity. Evidence also suggests that antipsychotic medications can modulate hippocampal dysfunction. The goal of this project was to identify patterns of hippocampal connectivity predictive of response to antipsychotic treatment in 2 cohorts of patients with a psychosis spectrum disorder, one medication-naïve and the other one unmedicated. We hypothesized that we would identify reliable patterns of hippocampal connectivity in the 2 cohorts that were predictive of treatment response and that medications would modulate abnormal hippocampal connectivity after 6 weeks of treatment. We used a prospective design to collect resting-state fMRI scans prior to antipsychotic treatment and after 6 weeks of treatment with risperidone, a commonly used antipsychotic medication, in both cohorts. We enrolled 44 medication-naïve first-episode psychosis patients (FEP) and 39 unmedicated patients with schizophrenia (SZ). In both patient cohorts, we observed a similar pattern where greater hippocampal connectivity to regions of the occipital cortex was predictive of treatment response. Lower hippocampal connectivity of the frontal pole, orbitofrontal cortex, subcallosal area, and medial prefrontal cortex was predictive of treatment response in unmedicated SZ, but not in the medication-naïve cohort. Furthermore, greater reduction in hippocampal connectivity to the visual cortex with treatment was associated with better clinical response. Our results suggest that greater connectivity between the hippocampus and occipital cortex is not only predictive of better treatment response, but that antipsychotic medications have a modulatory effect by reducing hyperconnectivity. © The Author(s) 2023. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Maryland Psychiatric Research Center. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email:


Eric A Nelson, Nina V Kraguljac, Jose O Maximo, William Armstrong, Adrienne C Lahti. Hippocampal Hyperconnectivity to the Visual Cortex Predicts Treatment Response. Schizophrenia bulletin. 2023 May 03;49(3):605-613

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 36752830

View Full Text