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The pathophysiological mechanism of acute kidney injury (AKI) is complicated, and effective drugs are still lacking. Ferroptosis is a newly discovered regulatory cell death mode characterized by the lethal accumulation of iron and reactive oxygen species-(ROS-)-dependent lipid hydroperoxides. In recent years, ferroptosis has been confirmed to be involved in the progression of AKI. Paeoniflorin (PF) is a traditional Chinese medicine that has protective effects on a variety of kidney diseases including AKI. However, the mechanism by which PF attenuates AKI is unclear. We detected that PF attenuated serum biochemical markers, histological damage, ferroptosis and inflammation in a dose-dependent manner in a mouse AKI model with bilateral renal artery ischemia-reperfusion (IR). Hypoxia-reoxygenation (HR)-induced ferroptosis and inflammation was also inhibited by PF in human renal tubular epithelial cells (HK2). RNA sequence analysis revealed that PF inhibited ferroptosis in HK2 cells by upregulating Slc7a11 in the glutathione pathway after HR treatment. PF failed to further protect cells with specific knockdown of Slc7a11 from ferroptosis under HR conditions. Consequently, these data indicated that PF prevention of ferroptosis in AKI requires dependence on Slc7a11. This study provided a scientific basis for the clinical search for drugs to prevent IR induced AKI. Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Lijuan Ma, Xueqi Liu, Mengya Zhang, Lang Zhou, Ling Jiang, Li Gao, Xian Wang, Yuebo Huang, Hanxu Zeng, Yonggui Wu. Paeoniflorin alleviates ischemia/reperfusion induced acute kidney injury by inhibiting Slc7a11-mediated ferroptosis. International immunopharmacology. 2023 Mar;116:109754

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PMID: 36753983

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