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    Porous tantalum (Ta) is a potential bone substitute due to its excellent biocompatibility and desirable mechanical properties. In this work, a series of porous Ta materials with interconnected micropores and varying pore sizes from 23 to 210 μm were fabricated using spark plasma sintering. The porous structure was formed by thermal decomposition of ammonium bicarbonate powder premixed in the Ta powder. The pore size and porosity were controlled by the categorized particle size of ammonium bicarbonate. The porous Ta has elastic moduli in the range of 2.1-3.2 GPa and compressive yield strength in the range of 23-34 MPa, which are close to those of human bone. In vitro, as-fabricated porous Ta demonstrates excellent biocompatibility by supporting adhesion and proliferation of preosteoblasts. In vivo studies also validate its bone repair capability after implantation in a rat femur defect model. The study demonstrates a facile strategy to fabricate porous Ta with controllable pore size for bone repair.


    Dingshan Liang, Chuanxin Zhong, Feilong Jiang, Junchen Liao, Haixia Ye, Fuzeng Ren. Fabrication of Porous Tantalum with Low Elastic Modulus and Tunable Pore Size for Bone Repair. ACS biomaterials science & engineering. 2023 Mar 13;9(3):1720-1728

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    PMID: 36780252

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