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    Hemophilia B (HB), a rare bleeding disorder, shows X-linked recessive inheritance and is caused by heterogeneous variants in the FIX gene (F9) encoding coagulation factor IX (FIX). This study aimed to investigate the molecular pathogenesis of a novel Met394Thr variant causing HB. We used Sanger sequencing to analyze F9 sequence variants in members of a Chinese family with moderate HB. Subsequently, we performed in vitro experiments on the identified novel FIX-Met394Thr variant. In addition, we performed bioinformatics analysis of the novel variant. We identified a novel missense variant (c.1181T>C, p.Met394Thr) in a Chinese family with moderate HB in the proband. The proband's mother and grandmother were carriers for the variant. The identified FIX-Met394Thr variant did not affect the transcription of F9 and the synthesis and secretion of FIX protein. The variant may, therefore, affect the physiological function of FIX protein by disrupting its spatial conformation. In addition, another variant (c.88+75A>G) in intron 1 of F9 was identified in the grandmother, which may also affect FIX protein function. We identified FIX-Met394Thr as a novel causative variant of HB. Further understanding of the molecular pathogenesis underlying FIX deficiency may guide novel strategies for precision HB therapy. © 2023 The Authors. Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.


    Linna Lu, Lingyu Wang, Wukang Shen, Shuai Fang, Lidong Zhao, Xuchen Hu, Linhua Yang, Gang Wang. Molecular pathogenesis of a novel Met394Thr variant causing hemophilia B. Molecular genetics & genomic medicine. 2023 May;11(5):e2147

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    PMID: 36795372

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