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    Unidirectional guided resonances (UGRs) are optical modes in photonic crystal slabs that radiate toward one side without the need for mirrors on the other. In this Letter, we report a mechanism to realize UGRs by tuning the interband coupling effect originating from up-down symmetry breaking. We theoretically find that UGRs that reside along high-symmetric lines correspond to phase singularities of far-field radiation, depicted by phase winding numbers as a type of topological indices. We investigate the phase dislocation lines in three-dimensional parameter space and elaborate on the interplay between UGRs and non-Hermitian degeneracies accordingly. Our findings reveal the topological nature of UGRs about their generation, evolution, and annihilation in general parameter spaces, thus paving the way to new possibilities of light manipulation.


    Xuefan Yin, Takuya Inoue, Chao Peng, Susumu Noda. Topological Unidirectional Guided Resonances Emerged from Interband Coupling. Physical review letters. 2023 Feb 03;130(5):056401

    PMID: 36800480

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