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Crohn's disease (CD) is a major subtype of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a spectrum of chronic intestinal disorders caused by dysregulated immune responses to gut microbiota. Although transcriptional and functional changes in a number of immune cell types have been implicated in the pathogenesis of IBD, the cellular interactions and signals that drive these changes have been less well-studied. We performed Cellular Indexing of Transcriptomes and Epitopes by sequencing on peripheral blood, colon, and ileal immune cells derived from healthy subjects and patients with CD. We applied a previously published computational approach, NicheNet, to predict immune cell types interacting with CD8 + T-cell subsets, revealing putative ligand-receptor pairs and key transcriptional changes downstream of these cell-cell communications. As a number of recent studies have revealed a potential role for CD8 + T-cell subsets in the pathogenesis of IBD, we focused our analyses on identifying the interactions of CD8 + T-cell subsets with other immune cells in the intestinal tissue microenvironment. We identified ligands and signaling pathways that have implicated in IBD, such as interleukin-1β, supporting the validity of the approach, along with unexpected ligands, such as granzyme B, which may play previously unappreciated roles in IBD. Overall, these findings suggest that future efforts focused on elucidating cell-cell communications among immune and nonimmune cell types may further our understanding of IBD pathogenesis. Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of The American College of Gastroenterology.


Han G Duong, Eunice J Choi, Paul Hsu, Natalie R Chiang, Shefali A Patel, Jocelyn G Olvera, Yi Chia Liu, Yun Hsuan Lin, Priscilla Yao, William H Wong, Cynthia S Indralingam, Matthew S Tsai, Brigid S Boland, Wei Wang, John T Chang. Identification of CD8 + T-Cell-Immune Cell Communications in Ileal Crohn's Disease. Clinical and translational gastroenterology. 2023 May 01;14(5):e00576

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PMID: 36854061

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