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Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) with laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is gaining traction for the management of choledocholithiasis. Liver function tests (LFTs) are often used to determine the success of ductal clearance, yet the impact of differing therapeutic interventions, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or LCBDE, have on postprocedure LFT is insufficiently described. We hypothesize that these interventions have different postoperative LFT profiles. The preprocedural and postprocedural total bilirubin (Tbili), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were analyzed of 167 patients who had successful ERCPs (117) or LCBDEs (50). Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography patients demonstrated a significant decrease in all LFTs postprocedure (n = 117; P = <0.001 for all) with a continued downtrend when a second set of LFTs was obtained (n = 102; P = <0.001 for all). For successful LC+LCBDEs, there was no significant change between preoperative and 1st postoperative Tbili, AST, ALT, and ALP and the 2nd postoperative labs.


Gabriel E Cambronero, Gloria D Sanin, James W Patterson, Aravindh S Ganapathy, Maggie E Bosley, Jake Niebler, Allison Perko, Carl Westcott, Andrew M Nunn, Lucas P Neff. Resolution of Liver Function Tests After Laparoscopic Common Bile Duct Exploration Versus Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography. The American surgeon. 2023 Jul;89(7):3171-3173

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PMID: 36866709

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