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Due to the limited therapeutic efficacy of current treatments, articular cartilage regeneration is still challenging work. Scaffold-based tissue engineering provides a promising strategy for cartilage regeneration, but most scaffolds are limited by poor mechanical properties or unfavorable biocompatibility. Here, a novel photocrosslinkable, injectable locust bean gum (LBG)-methacrylate (MA) hydrogel is reported as a biomimetic extracellular matrix (ECM) for cartilage repair with minimal invasive operation. LBG-MA hydrogels show controllable degradation rate and improve mechanical properties and excellent biocompatibility. More importantly, LBG-MA hydrogel significantly induces bone mesenchymal stem cells to chondrogenic differentiation in vitro, as evidenced by high accumulation of cartilage-specific ECM components glycosaminoglycan and upregulated expression of key chondrogenic genes (collagen type II, aggrecan, and sex determining region Y-box9). Besides, the hydrogel is injectable, which can be in situ crosslinked via UV irradiation. Further, the photocrosslinkable hydrogels accelerate cartilage healing in vivo after 8 weeks of therapy. A strategy is provided here for photocrosslinkable, injectable, biodegradable scaffold fabrication based on native polysaccharide polymer for minimal invasive cartilage repair. © 2023 Wiley-VCH GmbH.


Yangyang Qu, Si He, Shixing Luo, Jinmin Zhao, Ruiming Liang, Chuanan Liao, Li Zheng. Photocrosslinkable, Injectable Locust Bean Gum Hydrogel Induces Chondrogenic Differentiation of Stem Cells for Cartilage Regeneration. Advanced healthcare materials. 2023 Jul;12(18):e2203079

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PMID: 36881328

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