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To simultaneously form films while synthesizing solvent-free and catalyst-free bio-based polyurethanes, hexamethylene diisocyanate trimer was selected as an isocyanate group source to produce a low-viscosity reaction medium for dispersing high contents of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC, polyol) and cellulose nanocrystals (CNC). Castor oil was used as an additional polyol source. Up to 80 % of the MCC was dispersed, producing a film exhibiting the highest Tg (72 °C), tensile strength (18 MPa), and Young's modulus (522.4 MPa). 12.5 % (30 % MCC) and 7.5 % (50 % MCC) of CNC dispersed in the reaction medium formed films stiffer than their counterparts. All the films exhibited transparency and high crystallinity. The contact angle/zeta potential (ζ) indicated hydrophobic film surfaces. At pH 7.4, ζ suggested that the films interacted with physiological fluids favorably. The films were non-cytotoxic, and the composites exhibited cell growth compared with the control. The reported results, as far as it is known, are unprecedented. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Deyvid S Porto, Clara Maria Gonçalves de Faria, Natalia M Inada, Elisabete Frollini. Polyurethane films formation from microcrystalline cellulose as a polyol and cellulose nanocrystals as additive: Reactions favored by the low viscosity of the source of isocyanate groups used. International journal of biological macromolecules. 2023 May 01;236:124035

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PMID: 36921831

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