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    At present, immediate monitoring urinary arsenic is still a challenge for treating arsenic poisoning patients. Thus, a fast, reliable and accurate analytical approach is indispensable to monitor ultratrace arsenic in urine sample for health warning. In this work, a silicon nitride (SN) rod was first integrally utilized as a sample carrier for ≤50 μL urinary aliquot, an electric heater for removing water and ashing sample as well as a high voltage electrode for dielectric barrier discharge vaporization (DBDV). The direct analytical method of arsenic in urine without sample digestion was thus developed using atomic fluorescence spectrometer (AFS) as a model detector. After 4 V electrically heating the SN rod for 60 s, urine sample was dehydrated and ashed outside; then, DBD was exerted under 0.8 A with 0.8 L/min H2 + Ar (1:9, v:v) for 20 s to vaporize arsenic analyte from the SN rod. After optimization, 0.014 μg/L arsenic detection limit (LOD) was reached with favorable analytical precision (RSD <5%) and accuracy (91-110% recoveries) for real sample analysis. As a result, the whole analysis process only consumes <3 min to exclude complicated sample preparation; furthermore, the designed DBDV system only occupies 25 W and <2 kg, which renders a miniature sampling component to hyphenate with a miniature detector to detect arsenic. Thus, this direct sampling DBDV method extremely fulfills the fast, sensitive and precise detection of ultratrace arsenic in urine sample. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Huifang Sun, Jixin Liu, Xuefei Mao, Chunhui Wang, Yabo Zhao, Yongzhong Qian. Rapid detection of ultratrace urinary arsenic by direct sampling microplasma vaporization based on silicon nitride. Analytica chimica acta. 2023 Apr 22;1251:341008

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    PMID: 36925294

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