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Spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV) is strongly contagious and pathogenic to common carp and cyprinoid species. However, knowledge of how SVCV enters host cells is still inadequate. In this study, mass spectrometry (MS) was incorporated with tandem affinity purification (TAP) to identify host proteins that interact with SVCV glycoprotein, the main attachment protein of SVCV. Specifically, prohibitin (PHB) received the utmost attention from all the candidate proteins, and its interaction with the SVCV-G protein was confirmed by immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence assays. Treatment with PHB-specific inhibitors or knockdown of the expression of PHB by siRNAs resulted in a marked reduction in binding and entry of SVCV on host cells, while overexpression of PHB increased SVCV attachment and invasion. Furthermore, binding of SVCV to ZF4 and FHM cells was inhibited by pre-incubating the virus with recombinant PHB protein (rPHB) or blocking the cell surface PHB with its polyclonal antibodies. In addition, overexpression of PHB on SVCV-nonpermissive Grouper spleen cells (GSs) conferred susceptibility to SVCV infection. In vivo, treatment of rPHB could significantly inhibit SVCV propagation within zebrafish and benefit the survival rate of SVCV-infected zebrafish. These results demonstrate that PHB plays a crucial role in both the attachment and entry stages of SVCV infection. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Chen Li, Wenyan Zhang, Lin Shi, Yuanan Lu, Jing Ye, Xueqin Liu. Prohibitin mediates the cellular invasion of spring viremia of the carp virus. Fish & shellfish immunology. 2023 Apr;135:108689

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PMID: 36931480

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