Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • alumina (1)
  • biochar (3)
  • coal (4)
  • fly ash (4)
  • humic acid (1)
  • research (1)
  • sand (7)
  • silicon (2)
  • soil (6)
  • weight (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Opal (SiO2·nH2O, amorphous silica), the by-product of alumina extraction from coal fly ash (CFA), has a strong adsorption capacity and is also an important component of clay minerals in soils. The combining of opal with sand to form artificial soils is an effective disposal strategy for large-scale CFA stockpiles and reduction of environmental risk. Nevertheless, its poor physical condition limits plant growth. Organic matter (OM) amendments have broad potential applications for water-holding and improving soil aggregation. Effects of OMs (vermicompost (VC), bagasse (BA), biochar (BC) and humic acid (HA)) on the formation, stability and pore characteristics of opal/sand aggregates were evaluated through 60-day laboratory incubation experiments. Results demonstrated that four OMs could reduce pH, with BC having the most significant effect, VC significantly increasing the electrical conductivity (EC) and TOC content of the aggregates. Except for HA, other OMs could improve the aggregates' water-holding capacity. The mean weight diameter (MWD) and percentage of >0.25 mm aggregates (R0.25) of BA-treated aggregates were the largest, and BA had the most noticeable contribution to macro-aggregate's formation. The best aggregate stability was obtained with HA treatment, meanwhile the percentage of aggregate destruction (PAD0.25) decreased with the addition of HA. After amendments, the proportion of organic functional groups increased, which favored aggregate's formation and stability; the surface pore characteristics were improved, with the porosity ranging from 70% to 75%, reaching the level of well-structured soil. Overall, the addition of VC and HA can effectively promote aggregates' formation and stabilization. This research may play a key role in converting CFA or opal into artificial soil. The combining of opal with sand to form artificial soil will not only solve the environmental problems caused by large-scale CFA stockpiles but will also enable the comprehensive utilization of siliceous materials in agriculture. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Weilun Li, Yilin Wang, Feng Zhu, Xiaobin Li, Qiusheng Zhou, Guihua Liu, Zhihong Peng, Tiangui Qi, Leiting Shen. Evaluating the effects of formation and stabilization of opal/sand aggregates with organic matter amendments. Journal of environmental management. 2023 Jul 01;337:117749

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 36940603

    View Full Text