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Lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) causes over 400,000 deaths annually, yet it lacks targeted therapy. A major antagonist of Hedgehog pathway, HHIP (Hedgehog Interacting Protein) plays an important role in LUSC; however, the regulatory mechanism remains unclear. Long non-coding RNA HHIP-AS1 plays suppressive or promotive roles in different cancers, but its role in LUSC remains unknown. This manuscript is to investigate regulatory mechanism of HHIP and the role of HHIP-AS1 in LUSC. Precision-cut lung slices (PCLS) from human LUSC samples are cultured to mimic LUSC growth. Overexpression and knockdown in multiple LUSC cell lines and PCLS are achieved by lentivirus infection. Transcriptome profile and lung cancer activity are evaluated by RNA-sequencing, immunostaining and CCK8 assay etc. KEY FINDINGS: HHIP is regulated independently of Hh pathway in LUSC. Additionally, downregulation of HHIP-AS1 is associated with poor prognosis. Consistently, HHIP-AS1 inhibits LUSC growth by suppressing cell proliferation and migration. Transcriptome profiling of HHIP-AS1 knockdown (KD) cells uncovered HHIP downregulation. Interestingly, a comparison between the transcriptomes of HHIP-AS1 KD or HHIP KD cells manifested high similarity. Subsequently it's confirmed that HHIP-AS1 regulates HHIP in LUSC cells. Notably, HHIP-AS1 regulation on LUSC growth is achieved through stabilizing HHIP mRNA rather than regulating MIR-153-3P/PCDHGA9 or MIR-425-5P/DNYC1I2. Finally, it's confirmed in PCLS from human LUSC samples that HHIP-AS1 suppresses LUSC via regulating HHIP mRNA. This study uncovers HHIP-AS1 as a novel tumor suppressor in LUSC and provides new insights into the molecular regulation of LUSC, which will help developing new therapeutic strategies. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Zheyu Hu, Yixian Liu, Jin Tang, Renru Luo, Jiajia Qin, Zexun Mo, Jianjiang Xie, Xuan Jiang, Shuquan Wei, Chuwen Lin. LncRNA HHIP-AS1 suppresses lung squamous cell carcinoma by stabilizing HHIP mRNA. Life sciences. 2023 May 15;321:121578

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PMID: 36958438

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