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Tobacco mosaic disease is a worldwide viral disease that can cause huge economic losses. Plant immune inducers have become the main force in the prevention and treatment of viral disease own to their high efficiency and rapid effect. However, since tobacco mosaic disease can occur at any point in the plant growth cycle, a single application period cannot guarantee the completely management. In this study, an extract from Paecilomyces variotii named ZhiNengCong (ZNC), which can fight against tobacco mosaic disease with 65% control effect, and improve the promotion of tobacco stem girth, was selected from five commercial antiviral medicines, and a sustained release sodium alginate (Alg)-based ZNC (ZNC@Alg) was prepared by physical absorption. ZNC@Alg, who contains only 5 mg/mL ZNC, can release ZNC for 7 consecutive days, and displayed an enhanced effect in inducing the PAL-mediated salicylic acid signaling pathway activation to participate in the inhibition of green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged tobacco mosaic virus (TMV-GFP) infection, even after 7 days of the application. Notably, field experiments showed that the control effect of ZNC@Alg was up to 88%, which was significantly better than that of ZNC with the same concentration (10 μg per plant). In addition, ZNC@Alg exhibited a stronger growth-promoting effect than ZNC, which significantly increased the wet weight of tobacco. Taken together, we screened out a plant immune inducer ZNC that can effectively inhibit tobacco virus disease, and created ZNC@Alg with higher control effect and growth promotion effect, laying a foundation for effective field management of tobacco mosaic disease. Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier Inc.


Long Jiang, Qin Wang, Shuai Zhang, Changyun Liu, Ke Wang, Fengwei Li, Xiaoyan Wang, Weina Liu, Xiaozhou Ma, Guangjin Fan, Tiancai Chen, Yabo Jin, Xianchao Sun. Fabrication of an alginate-based ZhiNengCong gel showed an enhanced antiviral and plant growth promoting functions. Pesticide biochemistry and physiology. 2023 Apr;191:105373

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PMID: 36963942

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