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    We developed a microplate enzyme immunoassay (EIA) to measure dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) in the blood, urine, and feces of Japanese macaques and evaluated the relationship between serum DHEAS and excreta DHEAS. Our DHEAS EIA using heterological DHEA derivatives conjugated with enzyme was highly sensitive, and linearities and recoveries for all matrices of Japanese macaques were reliable. For the biological evaluation of the metabolism of DHEAS in Japanese macaques, dissolved DHEAS was injected into the subjects, and consecutively collected serum, urine, and fecal samples were analyzed. The peaks of serum DHEAS were observed 6 h after the administration, while those of urine and feces were observed after 24 h. The fluctuation of those in urine and feces were significantly correlated with serum DHEAS levels. In addition, we measured pregnanediol-glucuronide (PdG), and estrone-conjugate (E1C) in urine and fecal samples to investigate the effects of administrated DHEAS on these progesterone and estrogen metabolites. The peak of PdG was observed 24 h after administration, then declined sharply. The concentration of E1C increased 1 week after administration in two out of three subjects. Our results suggest that measuring urinary and fecal DHEAS with our EIA provides a non-invasive alternative to assessing DHEAS levels in the serum of Japanese macaques. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Keiko Mouri, Keiko Shimizu. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) in excreta is a good indicator of serum DHEAS in Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata). General and comparative endocrinology. 2023 Jul 01;338:114277

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    PMID: 36965641

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