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Cilia are evolutionarily conserved organelles that can be found on virtually every cell. They appear as hair-like structures emanating from the cellular surface either as single or as bundles of cilia. There, they sense external stimuli and translate them into intracellular signals. Motile cilia beat for the generation of locomotion of unicellular organisms or fluid flow in certain body cavities of vertebrate organisms. Defects in cilia are detrimental and account for the development of ciliopathies, one of the fastest-growing family of afflictions. In the past decade, membrane lipids, such as cholesterol and phosphoinositides, have emerged as essential elements in both the signal transduction via cilia and the building of cilia itself. Here, we summarize the current knowledge on the impact of cholesterol and phosphoinositides on cilium biology. © 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


Steffen-Alexander Sailer, Martin D Burkhalter, Melanie Philipp. Cholesterol and Phosphoinositides in Cilia Biology. Advances in experimental medicine and biology. 2023;1422:121-142

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PMID: 36988879

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