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    Chronic wounds are slow to recover. During treatment, the dressing needs to be removed to check the recovery status, a process that often results in wound tears. Traditional dressings lack stretching and flexing properties and are not suitable using on wounds in joints, which require movement from time to time. In this study, we present a stretchable, flexible and breathable bandage consisting of three layers, including Mxene coating on the top, the polylactic acid/polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PLA/PVP) layer designed as Kirigami in the middle, and the f-sensor at the bottom. By the way, the f-sensor is in contact with the wound sensing real-time microenvironmental changes due to infection. When the infection intensifies, the Mxene coating at the top is utilized to enable anti-infection treatment. And Kirigami structure of PLA/PVP ensures that this bandage has stretchability, bendability, and breathability. The stretch of the smart bandage increases to 831 % compared to the original structure, and the modulus reduces to 0.04 %, which adapts extremely well to the movement of the joints and relieves the pressure on the wound. This monitoring-treatment closed-loop working mode, eliminating the need to remove dressings and avoid tissue tearing, shows a promising capability in the field of surgical wound care. Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier B.V.


    Lei Xu, Liqiang Ding, Yuehua Sun, Tong Zhang, Youfu Zhu, Bingyu Yan, Min Yang, Seeram Ramakrishna, Jun Zhang, Yun-Ze Long. Stretchable, flexible and breathable polylactic acid/polyvinyl pyrrolidone bandage based on Kirigami for wounds monitoring and treatment. International journal of biological macromolecules. 2023 May 15;237:124204

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    PMID: 36990399

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