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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity symptoms. Neuroimaging studies have revealed a delayed cortical and subcortical development pattern in children diagnosed with ADHD. This study followed up on the development in vitro of frontal cortical neurons from Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), an ADHD rat model, and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY), control strain, over their time in culture, and in response to BDNF treatment at two different days in vitro (DIV). These neurons were also evaluated for synaptic proteins, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and related protein levels. Frontal cortical neurons from the ADHD rat model exhibited shorter dendrites and less dendritic branching over their time in culture. While pro- and mature BDNF levels were not altered, the cAMP-response element-binding (CREB) decreased at 1 DIV and SNAP-25 decreased at 5 DIV. Different from control cultures, exogenous BDNF promoted less dendritic branching in neurons from the ADHD model. Our data revealed that neurons from the ADHD model showed decreased levels of an important transcription factor at the beginning of their development, and their delayed outgrowth and maturation had consequences in the levels of SNAP-25 and may be associated with less response to BDNF. These findings provide an alternative tool for studies on synaptic dysfunctions in ADHD. They may also offer a valuable tool for investigating drug effects and new treatment opportunities. © 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


Daniela M Marques, Amanda S Almeida, Catiane B A Oliveira, Ana Carolina L Machado, Marcus Vinícius S Lara, Lisiane O Porciúncula. Delayed Outgrowth in Response to the BDNF and Altered Synaptic Proteins in Neurons From SHR Rats. Neurochemical research. 2023 Aug;48(8):2424-2435

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PMID: 36995561

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