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Nanoplastics (NPs), an emerging pollutant, have raised great safety concerns due to their widespread applications and continuous release into the environment, which lead to potential human and environmental risks. Recently, polystyrene NPs (100 nm; 100 mg/L) exposure has been reported to disrupt circadian rhythms under five days temperature entrainment and be associated with stress resistance decline in Caenorhabditis elegans. This study explored the possible relationship between circadian rhythm disruption and endocytosis and autophagy under polystyrene NPs exposure in C. elegans. We show that the disrupted circadian rhythm induced by NPs exposure reduced stress resistance via endocytosis and autophagy impairment. Furthermore, we found that most NPs taken up by intestinal cells were localized to early endosomes, late endosomes, and lysosomes and delivered to autophagosomes. In addition, the disruption of circadian rhythm inhibited NPs localization to these organelles. These findings indicate that NPs exposure disrupts circadian rhythm and alters its subcellular trafficking, leading to enhanced toxicity in C. elegans. Our results shed light on the prominent role of NPs exposure in circadian rhythm disruption associated with endocytosis and autophagy impairments, which may be conserved in higher animals such as humans. Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Chan-Wei Yu, Yi-Chun Wu, Vivian Hsiu-Chuan Liao. Nanoplastics exposure disrupts circadian rhythm associated with dysfunction of the endolysosomal pathway and autophagy in Caenorhabditis elegans. Journal of hazardous materials. 2023 Jun 15;452:131308

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PMID: 37004444

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