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Acinetobacter baumannii causes hospital-acquired infections and is responsible for high mortality and morbidity. The interaction of this bacterium with the host is critical in bacterial pathogenesis and infection. Here, we report the interaction of peptidoglycan-associated lipoprotein (PAL) of A. baumannii with host fibronectin (FN) to find its therapeutic potential. The proteome of A. baumannii was explored in the host-pathogen interaction database to filter out the PAL of the bacterial outer membrane that interacts with the host's FN protein. This interaction was confirmed experimentally using purified recombinant PAL and pure FN protein. To investigate the pleiotropic role of PAL protein, different biochemical assays using wild-type PAL and PAL mutants were performed. The result showed that PAL mediates bacterial pathogenesis, adherence, and invasion in host pulmonary epithelial cells and has a role in the biofilm formation, bacterial motility, and membrane integrity of bacteria. All of the results suggest that PAL's interaction with FN plays a vital role in host-cell interaction. In addition, the PAL protein also interacts with Toll-like receptor 2 and MARCO receptor, which suggests the role of PAL protein in innate immune responses. We have also investigated the therapeutic potential of this protein for vaccine and therapeutic design. Using reverse vaccinology, PAL's potential epitopes were filtered out that exhibit binding potential with host major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I), MHC-II, and B cells, suggesting that PAL protein is a potential vaccine target. The immune simulation showed that PAL protein could elevate innate and adaptive immune response with the generation of memory cells and would have subsequent potential to eliminate bacterial infection. Therefore, the present study highlights the interaction ability of a novel host-pathogen interacting partner (PAL-FN) and uncovers its therapeutic potential to combat infection caused by A. baumannii.


Vandana Solanki, Monalisa Tiwari, Vishvanath Tiwari. Investigation of Peptidoglycan-Associated Lipoprotein of Acinetobacter baumannii and Its Interaction with Fibronectin To Find Its Therapeutic Potential. Infection and immunity. 2023 May 16;91(5):e0002323

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PMID: 37017535

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